Rajasthan History for Kids

  • History and Geography of Rajasthan

    The history of Rajasthan is about 5000 years old and the mythological origin of this gigantic land is related to the famous myth of Ram, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In the ancient period, Rajasthan was a part of different dynasties including the Mauryan Empire. The first batch of Aryans who came to India settled in the region of "Dundhmer" and the first inhabitants of this area were the "Bheels" and the "Meenas". The earliest Rajput dynasty that emerged around 700 AD was the "Gurjars" and "Partiharas" and since then Rajasthan was known as Rajputana. Soon, the Rajput clan gained supremacy and the Rajputs were divided into 36 royal clans and 21 dynasties. The armed conflicts and the struggle for supremacy among the "Parmars", "Chalukyas", and "Chauhans" resulted in a lot of bloodshed.

    In the medieval era, the major regions of the state such as Nagaur, Ajmer and Ranthambhore became a part of the Mughal Empire, which was headed by Akbar. The most famous Rajput warriors of this era were Rana Uday Singh, his son MahaRana Pratap, Bhappa Rawal, Rana Kumbha and Prithviraj Chauhan. With the end of the Mughal regime in 1707, the Marathas gained supremacy and captured Ajmer in 1775. The Maratha ascendancy ended in the late 17th century with the arrival of Britishers. The present state of Rajasthan was formed in the year 1956.

    Geographically Rajasthan is located in the northwest India. The state has an area of 342,239 square kilometers. The state has rhomboid shape with length of 869 km. from west to east and 826 km. from north to south. Rajasthan shares its border with Pakistan, while Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh bound Rajasthan in north and east, and Gujarat in south-west.

  • Civilizations of Rajasthan

    Rajasthan's civilisation is still preserved in Kalibangan, a town on the banks of the Ghaggar River of Hanumangarh district, Bikaner. Thar Desert has existence of Indus Valley Civillization and the remnants of the pre-Harappan and Harappan settlements.Realm of Kalibangan has many archaeological evidences which show that Rajasthan had once been an important centre of the ceramic industry.The paintings on the ancient pottery bear close resemblance to the Harappan designs. Contemporary pottery of Rajasthan has a distinct influence of the Indus Valley ceramic industry and related handicrafts. Indus Valley Civillization flourished on the banks of Saraswatiriver.

  • Transformation of this land took place after the mighty river changed its course and finally dried up due to the immensity of the encroaching desert. The land silently slipped into Thar desertwith whole civillisation buried in it.

  • Rulers of Rajasthan

    Bapparawal

    Bappa Rawal, born in 713 AD to Prince Kalbhoj, was the 8th ruler of the Guhilot dynasty. He founded the state of Mewar. The king was famous for his strong pride in his "Dharma", culture, and courage for defeating Arabian invaders. He started as a ruler of a small principality in Nagahrad (Nagda), and extended his rulership up to Chittor.In the 8th century Arab Muslims started attacking India. Bappa united the smaller states of Ajmer and Jaisalmer to stop the attacks. Bappa Rawal fought and defeated the Arabs in the country.

  • Rana Kumbha

    Rana Kumbha was the ruler of Mewar, (a state in western India), between 1433 and 1468 AD. Rana Kumbha belonged to Sisodia clan. Kumbha was son of Rana Mokal. Rana Kumbha was famous for his bravery. Rana Kumbha decided to construct of an imposing, 37 meter high, 9 stories Victory Tower at Chittor. This famous tower was named as "Vijay Stambha" andwas completed in the year 1458.

  • Prithivi Raj Chauhan

    Prithvi Raj Chauhan was born in the year 1149. Prithviraj Chauhan was a king of the Rajput dynasty, who ruled a kingdom in northern India during the later half of the 12th century.Prithviraj Chauhan was the second last Hindu king to sit upon the throne of Delhi. He succeeded to the throne in 1169 CE at the age of 20, and ruled from the twin capitals of Ajmer and Delhi. Chauhan defeated the Muslim ruler Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori in the First Battle but set him free as a gesture of mercy. In second attack by Ghori, Chauhan was defeated and captured. Ghori took Chauhan to Ghazni and killed him ending an era of sheer bravery and courage.

  • Rana Sanga

    Rana Sanga was born in the year 1484. Rana Sanga is also known as MaharanaSangramSingh . He was the Rajput ruler of Mewar. He ruled between 1509 and 1527. He brought Mewar to the peak of its prosperity and prominence, establishing it as the premier Rajput state. Sanga regularly attacked Afghans under Lodi at Khatoli (Gwalior) in 1517-18.

  • Maharana Pratap

    Maharana Pratap (9 May 1540 – 29 January 1597) was the ruler of Mewar, a region in north-western India. Pratap was son of Maharani Jayantabai and King Udai Singh II founder of Udaipur. Maharana Pratap belonged to the Sisodia clan of Rajputs. Maharana Pratap Singh is widely regarded as a fearless warrior and ingenious strategist, who successfully fought the Mughals and safeguarded his people until his death. He is hailed as an inspirational figure for exemplifying gallantry and resourcefulness. Udaipur remained the capital of Mewar after fall of Chittor until its accession in independent India.

  • Amar singh Rathore

    Another Rajput brave king was Amar Singh Rathore (11 December 1613 - 25 July 1644), who was famous as a Rajput nobleman affiliated with the royal house of Marwar, and a courtier of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in seventeenth-century India. When he was disinherited by his family, he entered the Mughals' service. His legendary bravery resulted in his elevation to a high rank in the imperial nobility and he was appointed as the"Subedar" of Nagaur. He served Mughals there at Agra for a short period after being denied his right of inheritance at Nagaur in Rajasthan. He was the famous fighter who jumped from Agra Fort with his horse.

  • Variants of Rajasthani Literature

    Literature

    Rajasthani literature is mostly heroic mentioning of the great kings and fighters of the Rajasthan. In words of Ravindra Nath Tagore once, "The heroic sentiment which is the essence of every song and couplet of a Rajasthani is peculiar emotion of its own of which, however, the whole country may be proud".

    Earliest references of Rajasthani literature is found in the works of Surajmal Misrana. The most important works are the "Vansa Bhaskara" and "Veer Satsai". "Vansh Bhaskar" has accounts of the Rajput princes who ruled in what was then Rajputana, during the lifetime of the poet (1872–1952). "Veer Satsai" is a collection of hundreds of couplets. After that Rajasthani literature was mostly contributed by Jain saints. Rajasthani language was known as "Maru Gurjar" or "Dingal", which was close to Gujarati.

    Rajasthani literature has its main contribution from regional language like "Dingal", "Heroic poetry" and "Sufism"."CharanBhats" were the traditional court poets for presenting "Veerkavya" to the citizen. "Pabuji Radoha", "Pabuji Ra Chand" and "PabujikoYashVarnan" are the main manuscripts of the time.

  • Meera Bai (A mystic poet from rajasthan)

    meera bai

    Meera was born in the year 1498 in Merta, Rajasthan. Her father, Ratan Singh, was the youngest son of Rao Duda, ruler of Merta, and son of Rao Jodha ruler and founder of Jodhpur. Nature wise Meera was soft-spoken, mild-mannered, with god gifted sweet voice. She used to sing "Bhajans" in melodious voice. She was reputed to be one of the most extraordinary beauties of her time. At the age of four, she manifested her deep devotion to Krishna. In a very young age Meera was married to Bhoj Raj, the ruler of Chittor.

    She was significant follower of the Vaishnava bhakti movement. About 1300 "Padas" and "Bhajans" were created by her have been translated and published worldwide. Meera's bhakti tradition was full of her unconditional love for Lord Krishana and has a message that Krishan bhakti is the only way to live your life in real manner.

    After her husband's death she started moving from one pilgrim to another. She spent her last years as a pilgrim in Dwarka, Gujarat. In the year 1546, when Udai Singh, sent a delegation of Brahmans to bring Meera back to Mewar. Meera asked permission to spend the night at a temple of Krishna. It is said that she spent the night in Krishna temple and next morning she vanished. Meerabai miraculously merged with Lord Krishna forever.

People of Rajasthan

  • peopleofraj

    Rajasthani people are assimilation of Indo-Scythian, Scytho-Dravidian, Indo-Aryan, Indo-Greek, Aryo-Dravidian, Indo-Iranian and Austro-Asiatic ancestries. The main communities of Rajasthan are "Rajputs", "Jats", "Brahmans" and the "Vaishyas". Castes like "Jat", "Gurjar", "Mali" and "Kalvi" communities depend on agriculture while "Vasishya" is the business community. As we go along the different parts of Rajasthan various tribes come into picture like "Meena"," Bheel", "Garasia" and "Kanjar.Chittorgarh, Dungarpur, Bhilwara, Banswara,Udaipur and Sirohi are the oldest habitants of "Bheels" while Mewar-Vagad region is known for "Garasia" and "Kathodi". The famous cattle breeders of Rajasthan are "Rabaris" and "Sahariya" in Marwar and Baran respectively. Dholpur, Bharatpur, Jaipur and Alwar areas comprises of the "Meo" and "Meenas".

  • Tribes of Rajasthan

    Bheel

    peopleofraj

    Bheel tribe is mainly concentrated in the areas around Udaipur, Dungarpur and Chittorgarh. Bheeli is the language spoken by this tribe. "Mewasi Bheel" also belong to the Bheel clan.

    TadviBheel tribe is the Muslim community converted from the Bheel clan.

    Another famous tribe of Rajasthan in the past is Bheel Meena tribal group. Rajasthan was ruled by Meena dynasty which had the symbol of a fish. The name Meena is derived from name Meen which means 'Fish'.

  • Garasia

    peopleofraj

    Garasia Tribe is found in South Rajasthan. This tribe is originated from Bheel clan and looked upon as the most backward tribe in the state of Rajasthan. Mainly found in the areas of Sawai Madhopur and Kota. DungriGarasia tribe migrated from Mewar and is part of Bheel community.

  • Dhanka

    peopleofraj

    Another tribe of Rajasthan is Dhanka tribe, the "Adivasi" clan of India. Half of the percentage of Dhanka tribe lives in the Gujarat while some dwell in Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

  • Rajasthani Costumes

    Rajasthan is known for outstanding colors and festivals, displaying the spirit of the inhabitants, their religion and culture.

    From head-to-toe everything including turban, ornaments, footwear and clothing reflects the cultural, social and economic status of Rajasthanis. The costumes of Rajasthani people blend with the weather and local conditions.

  • Costumes of Women

    women

    Women of Rajasthan wear a long skirt called "Ghaghra", "Choli" or "Kurti" (blouses and tops) with an "Odhini". The "Ghaghrais" of anklelength with a narrow waist increasing the flared and width to the base. "Ghaghra" is commonly unfolded from the lower end such as usual skirts. The pleats and width are the symbol of health of females. "Ghaghra" can be found in diverse styles and colors. They are very famous among women in Rajasthan, mostly made of cotton, colored and designed with "Laharia", "Chunari" and "Mothra" prints.

    Odhni

    A piece of cloth is used to cover the head, both for protection from heat and maintenance of modesty called "Chunari" or "Odhni".The one corner of "Odhni" is properly tucked inside the skirt and the other end is worn over the right shoulder or the head. Special motifs and colors are used to indicate choice of community, occasion and geographical area.

  • Costumes of Men

    men

    The turban called "Pagri", "Pyjamas", "Angarkha", "Dhoti", Waistband (Patka) and "Kamarbandh" are integral clothing of men in Rajasthan.

    Pagri

    Pagri (turban) is an important part of men's costume in Rajasthan. The turban is a symbol of the region and caste from where the individual belongs. Turbans can be found in different colors, shapes and sizes. Additionally, special types of Pagris are designed during big events and festivals. People living in Udaipur are habitual of tiring a flat Pagri over their head, while people of Jaipur prefer an angular Pagri. Jodhpur men like to wear "Safa" having curved bands. More than 1000 types of Pagris are worn by men in Rajasthan. A normal Pagari is commonly eight inches wide and eighty two feet long. Most of the common men in Rajasthan wear only one color of Pagri, whereas rich men wear colorful and designer turbans.

    Pyjama or Dhoti

    "Pyjamas" or "Dhotis" are used for covering the lower part of the men's body. It is a piece of cloth that needs a little practice to wear it in an appropriate way. Dhoti is worn as regular dress which commonly has white color. During some special events, men wear Zari border and Silk Dhotis.

    Angarkha

    It is a body protector commonly designed by cotton. During festivals in this part of the world, people wear designer "Angarkhas".

    Patka

    Patka commonly worn by royal families or higher classes, which is made of cotton. In medieval times, the clothing was worn all around the waist but now it can be seen less among youngsters. However Brahmins also use to wear Patka with traditional "Dupattas".

Royal Heritage of Rajasthan

  • The story of Rajasthan is full of great Rajput Kings and Queens and the land has their marks in form of Royal heritage of Rajasthan.

    Jaipur

    heritage_amber

    Amber Fort Palace – Famous place Amber belonged to Kachawas. This fort was constructed by Man Singh in 1592, and completed by his descendent Jai Singh. Architecture of this fort mesmerizes everyone with huge exteriorand exotic interiors with a beautiful fusion of Mughal and Hindu styles.

    Jaigarh Fort – Legendary "Victory Fort", Jaigarh is situated at CheelkaTeela and is directly linked to Amber Fort with long secured corridors. This fort was the royal arsenal.

    City Palace – The City Palace has been home to the rulers of Jaipur since the 18thcentuary. This palace sprawls over one-seventh of the area in the walled city. Complete palace is divided into "Chandra Mahal", "Shri Govind Dev" Temple and the City Palace Museum having superb blend of Rajput and Mughal architect.

  • Bikaner JunaGarh Fort

    heritage_bikaner

    Constructed between 1588-1593 by Raja Jai Singh, Junagarh fort is having 37 beautifully decorated palaces, temples and pavilions.

  • Bundi Taragarh Fort

    heritage_bikaner

    The Taragarh Fort came into existence in the 16th century, and is built up of a hard, green-tinged twisted stone, extracted locally. This stone, unlike sandstone, does not lend itself to fine carving. Unlike most other palaces in Rajasthan, there is very little Mughal influence in its architecture. The Garh Palace represents a rare example of the pure Rajput style, with curved roofs topping pavilions and kiosks, a plethora of temple columns and decorative brackets, and typical Rajput motifs such as elephants and lotus flowers.

  • Jaisalmer, Sonar Fort

    heritage_jaisalmer

    Built in 1156 by Maharawal Jaisal, this fort stands on 80 m high at Trikuta Hill. In medieval times, this fort was home for the entire population living in Jaiselmer. Strong walls of the fort are softened by the golden shade of the stone. It glitters like gold in night light. It is famous for "Patwon-Ki-Havelies", "Salim-Singh-Ki-Haveli" and "Gandhi Sagar Tank".

  • Jodhpur, Mehrangarh Fort

    heritage_Jodhpur

    The fort of Mehrangarh looms on the top of a rocky hill, soaring 125 Mts above the plains. Founded by Rao Jodha in 1459, the fort is blended with a number of palaces added by successive rulers. Mehrangarh isperhaps the most majestic of Rajasthan's forts. The royal apartments within the fort are now part of museum.

  • Chittorgarh Fort

    heritage_chitaurgarh

    As Rajasthan's mightiest forts, it was the target of successive invaders and is a witness to the history of valor, romance and strict death-before-dishonor "Johar" code glorified in Rajput mythologies and folk tales.Itwas the capital of the Sisodia rulers of Mewar, between the 12th and 16th centuries.

Rajasthan Coinage

  • Gupta Dynasty Coins

    coinage

    In place of paper currency the ancient currency was metal coins. These metal structures have played significant part in the learning, structuring and rebuilding of the past. Coins were smacked by rulers in implementation of their regal sanction. Many kings who were unidentified they perceived and premeditated by their coins. Rajasthan's Department of Archaeology and Museum is an affluent anthology of coins, ranging from Sixth century BC to the mid Twentieth Century. Initial styles of coins are of noticeable multiplicity. These coins exist in various structures as these are beaded silver portions in asymmetrical figures: square, rectangular or circular. The coins are only identified by signs rather a name or date

    The Kushana Rulers introduced the coins in their names even their anthology has Kadphises-II &Kanishka's copper coins. Another spectrum was followed by the Gupta Emperors, Samudra Gupta, Kach Gupta, Skandgupta, Kumargupta and Chandragupta-II. These coins were made by gold and silver. The Gupta coins show representation of the leader. These are exceedingly creative and completed in minuscule details.

  • coinage

    Punch-marked coins-The Punch-marked coins are a kind of untimely Coinage of the nation. In India, the first coins were casted in Sixth century BC by "Mahajanapadas" of Indo-Gangetic Plain. It was undoubtedly before the assault ofAlexander the Great in Fourth century BC. The Punch-marked coins of this era were called "Pana", "Puranas" or "Karshapanas".

    Ancient Greek coins-The record of antique Greek coinage can be alienated into 3 periods:Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic.

    Indo-Sassanid coins-The Indo-Sassanid formed an all-embracing coinage with fable in Pahlavi, Bactrian or Brahmi, occasionally encouraged from the Kushancoinage, and occasionally more evidently Sassanid.

  • Mughal coin

    coinage

    During the Mughal empire period these coins were carried by them in such a manner of consistency and consolidation of the classification of coinage all through the Empire. The method lasted after the Mughal Empire was efficiently no more. The basic process was Trimetallism which approached to characterize Mughal coinage was mainly the design.

Weapons of Rajasthan

  • Sirohi- This sword had a slightly curved blade, shaped like a Damascus blade, slightly lighter and narrower than the ordinary "Talwar". They were made in "Sirohi". Originated from Damascus and used in Rajasthan.

    Kamthah, kamanth- The long bow of the Bheels. This group held the bow with their feet, drawing the string ("chillah") with the hands and able to shoot with enough power for their arrow to penetrate elephant's hide. The principal weapon of the Bheels was the "kampti" or bamboo bow, with a string made of a thin strip from the elastic bark of the bamboo.

    Other weapons used in ancient time were swords from Rajputs, Mughal, Hyderabad, Afghan, Iran, Arab, Turkish, hilts, Tiger knives, armor, helmets, clubs, spears, javelins, shields, bows and arrows with "Koftkari", "Chamanbandhi", "ChapdiChandrus", "Karanshihi" work in gold and silver Damascene blades, Arabic calligraphy and Sanskrit inscriptions.

    Goad

    weapons goad
  • Knife

    weapons knife

Games of Rajasthan

  • games musical

    Royal Rajasthan is also famous for its sporty culture. Many traditional games were also considered as royal games. Horse riding, kite flying, "gullidanda", shooting, archery, camel riding were some of the sports activities in Rajasthan which have always been the way of spending leisure time. Sports like cricket, polo, and athletics have replaced some of the traditional games of Rajasthan.

  • Polo

    games polo

    The history of Polo in Rajasthan can be traced back to late 1880s and even today Polo is an integral part of the identity of the state. This royal sport has its connection deep with the princely state of Rajasthan.

  • Golf

    sports golf

    Golf was a popular sport in British India, The weather did not permit Britishers the indulgence of creating golf courses in this arid wilderness, and it was only in Jaipur, as a part of the large scale palace renovations undertaken by Maharaja Man Singh that a course was added to the city.

  • Elephant Polo

    sports golf

    Rajasthan is the hub of elephant polo in the country.Jaipur is the city where one can witness this royal sport all-round the year.

  • Camel Race

    sports golf

    Camel Race is the main highlight of many fairs in Rajasthan. Camels decked with jewellry and "ghungroo" present spectacular show. The heavily decorated camels do parade in beauty contests to catch the glimpses of spectators.

  • Kite Flying

    sports golf

    Kite flying is very popularin Rajasthan. Many cities have different seasons of kite flying. In Jaipur, the advent of Makar Sankrati brings a lot many colors to the sky with many kites flying across.

Musical Instrument

  • Rajasthani musical instruments are so simple but essential in making the traditional music more melodious. The Rajasthani musical instruments can be divided into four categories which are Percussion or Rhythm Instruments, Wind Instruments, Autophonic instruments and String Instruments.

    Rhythm Instruments

    games Chouteau

    All the instrument in this category uses for Rhythm or beat. The most popular percussion instrument in Rajasthan is the "Dhol" or "Drum". The instrument is made up of wood. The both side of this hollow structure have skin parchment on it. "Dhol" and its smaller version "Dholak" is the main instrument under this category.

  • Wind Instruments

    music ravaan hatta

    These types of instruments are played by the use of air. Most popular instruments are "Flute", "Shehnai" ,"Algonja"( a kind of double flute) and "Satara". "Satara" is an assembly of two flutes one containing holes and in the other holes are absent. Snake charmers also use a wind instrument popularly known as "Been" or "Poongi" due to its hypnotic effect.

  • Autophonic instruments

    music kamaicha

    The "Khartaal" mainly use in "Bhajans" (devotional songs). This instrument is consider as an autophonic instrument but has major backdrop for devotional songs. Meerabai" and other saints used this instrument.

  • String Instruments

    music kamaicha

    String instruments like "Sarangi", "Kamaycha", "Ravanhatta" , "Chautara" and "Bhapang" are major instruments in this category. These instruments are basically played by using a bow drawn across the strings and running of fingers on the strings.

Rajasthan Gardens

  • raj garden

    Rajasthan is the soil of striking parks and gardens. There are certain gardens that gently make their charm felt among the sightseers because of their flawless exquisiteness. In the desert terrain of Rajasthan it is roughly astonishing to see the emerging flowers in the enormous gardens filled with blissful aroma and chilly calm wind. These parks and gardens are the triumph of human determination over the severity of the scenery and it's a delight to saunter through them with all their elegant fountains and pavilions that embellish them.

  • Some popular gardens of Rajasthan are:

    Mandore Garden

    mandore 	garden

    Mandore a beautiful realm which was the previous capital of Marwar's Maharajas and is situated about five miles to the North of Jodhpur but was shortly deserted for the safety of Mehrangarh fortress. As compare to rest of the gardens of rajasthan this garden has different style. Mandore gardens were constructed along the facade of a Hindu shrine, 4 storied towering, with superior columns and a graceful spire, all in red stonework. The most inspiring is Maharaja Ajit Singh's Dewal. The cenotaphs are set in stunning backdrop precincts. This garden has one of the most local and tourist attraction niche.

  • Ram Niwas Bagh

    ramnivas garden

    One of the famous garden of Jaipur is the Ram Niwas Bagh. The garden is that it brags a green coat in the middle of a good-looking town. The reason behind to develop this beautiful garden was to help overcome the Jaipur city from the control of dearth. It took over four lakhs to set up the garden during the earlier period which was a large figure during that era. The garden is famous for its architecture and colorful realms even admired by visitors who make it best traveler destinations in Jaipur city.

  • Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh

    sisodiya garden

    Another beautiful garden is Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh which was constructed in the year 1728. The garden was plotted as in the Mughal technique and it portrays the folklore of Radha-Krishna. The garden is situated eight kilometers from Jaipur-Agra highway. The garden embellishes with cascades, brooks and decorated pavilions. Sawai Jai Singh constructed it for his queen Sisodia from Udaipur city of Rajasthan.

  • Jai Niwas Garden

    jainiwas garden

    A best example of emblematic Mughal Charbh prototype is the Jai Niwas Garden which has a distinctive demand with an exclusive allure. The garden enriches through the gorgeous plan with countless attractive plants and several noticeable structures give an outstanding gaze to the beautiful garden. This beautiful garden has minuscule shrine of Lord Krishna.

  • Vidyadhar Garden

    vidhyadhar garden

    'Vidyadhar' who designed Jaipur one of the famous architect of that time, garden was named after him. The garden is an immaculate situated in the spirit of Jaipur city. One of finest conserved gardens of Jaipur, this charming garden is aesthetically intended. Garden have the sparkling waters, the serene lakes, blossom beds and well preserved gardens, the Vidyadhar Garden has a great deal to present.

  • Nehru Garden

    nehru garden

    Garden named after the First Prime minister of India Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, Nehru Garden is located in Udaipur and is a fine-looking garden, created on an atoll in the spirit of FatehSagar Lake. Park is famous for various tourist activities like an enjoyable boating from the FatehSagar Lake.

Rajasthan Architecture

  • architecture1

    Rajasthan state is certainly the most colorful state in the country. Rajasthan has an exclusive architecture and is well-known for its architecture all over the nation. Rajasthan's architecture is chiefly based on Rajput school of architecture which was an assortment of the Mughal and the Hindu structural plan. The astonishing forts, the beautifully engraved temples and the splendid Havelies of the Rajasthan state are essential parts of Rajasthan's architectural heritage. The Rajputs were productive designers and builders. Some impressive and splendid palaces and forts in the world mark the parched Aravalli milieu and tell the anecdotes of their magnificent bequest. The assortment and vividness of the architectural heritage of Rajasthan can stun a sightseer. Some of the famous formations that symbolize the architectural legacy of Rajasthan are Dilwara Temples, Chittorgarh Fort, Lake Palace Hotel, Jaisalmer Havelis and City Palace.

  • Styles Of Architecture

    architecture chhatris

    One of the famous art of rajasthan is Chhatri. These Chhatris are eminent, dome shaped porches used as a constituent in the architecture of India. Establishment of these structures has important reason because of admiration and pride in Rajasthan's Rajput architecture. They are extensively used, in forts, in palaces or to distinguish funerary locations. Instigating in the architecture of Rajasthan where there were memorials for royalty and kings, they were later on tailored as a typical characteristic in all constructions of Rajasthan, and most significantly in the Mughal architecture.

  • architecture

    A Jharokha is a kind of suspended enclosed gallery used in the architecture of India, in Rajasthani architecture, Mughal architecture and Rajputana architecture. One of the most significant purposes it served was to permit women in Pardah to witness the events without being noticed themselves. On the other hand, these casements could also be used to place spies and archers.

  • architecture

    Other famous architectures of Rajasthan are havelies. Haveli is the idiom used for a private manor in Pakistan and India, typically one with architectural and historical implication. Word haveli derived from the word Hawli which means an "enclosed place". Hawli is a Persian word. They share alike traits with other mansions derived from the Architecture of Islam such as the customary houses in Morocco that are called the Riads.

    A different architecture basically used to store water is called Stepwells which are known by many names such as Kalyani, Pushkarani, Bawdi, Baoli, Barav or Vaav. These Stepwells are ponds or wells in which water can reach by sliding some steps. Existences of stepwells are widespread in the Western region of India.

    A Johad different from Stepwell structures is storage of rainwater in a tank mainly used in Rajasthan. Basic function of these structutres is to stores and collects water all through the year that is used for drinking by cattle and humans. Due to low rainfall in Rajasthan these structures works during the Rainfall period of July and August is stocked up in Johads and is used all through the year. These Johads are called "Khadins" in Jaisalmer.

FAMOUS STAMBS OF RAJASTHAN

  • Vijay Stambh

    vijay stamb

    Rajasthani royal heritage and architectures are symbol of Rajasthan's brave history and Artistry. Vijay Stambh is also recognized as the 'Tower of Victory' another symbol of great Rajput victory. It was constructed by Rana Kumbha in 1440 A.D. It was built to mark the triumph over Malwa's Mahmud khilji. This commendable segment of architecture stands on a plinth at 10 feet towering and is assumed to have taken over ten years to be concluded. Stambh have 157 spherical and tapered steps which escort to the patio is also a visible facet of the architecture.

  • Tazia Tower

    tazia stamb

    Another glory of Royal land is Tazia tower which is placed among the Jaisalmer's golden sand dunes of the lavishness, the generous impression of tower is enhanced by the pleasant sites. The tower is architecture with shades of brilliance which enthralled the spectators. The structure has the marvelous five tiered construction rises from the Badal Mahal with every storey polished by a dexterously carved gallery.

Dances of Rajasthan

  • At another landscape of Rajasthan's richness is Rajasthani dance which is vigorous and spectacular and even they are very colorful. Celebrations cannot complete without dance in Rajasthani tradition and the dances of Rajasthan form an integral part of the lives of Rajasthan's people. Besides ordinary dances in Rajasthan, there is a dance for every special occasion also. There are different regular performers for various occasions like Dholis, Bhopas and Bhands who regularly perform in the villages of Rajasthan to the utter delight of the simple village folks.

    Some prominent dances of Rajasthan

    Bhawai Dance

    bhawai dance

    These dancers are professional dancers their dances being face from religion or superstition, even these dances are very fast, energetic, and imaginative and reflect day to day life. Strictly women never participate in these performances.

  • Chari or Pot Dance

    chari dance

    This dance is one of the best entertaining styles and requires a lot of patience, balance and great skill. In this dance style the dancers carry brightly lit brass pots on their heads, displaying many flexible movements of the body. It is a dance of gay occasions.

  • Gair Dance

    dandiya dance

    A well known dance style which can be participated by each and every one who wants to be a part of this style. Period of this dance in Rajasthan is performed during Holi, which is a colorful spring festival. Dance is also known as GairGhalna, GairGhumna, Gairkhelna and GairNachna. Gair dance is famous and performed mostly by all the communities but mostly performed by the Bhil community.

  • Drum Dance

    drum dance

    This is a professional dance-form from Jalore. Five men with huge drums round their necks, some with huge cymbals accompany a dancer who holds a naked sword in his mouth and performs vigorously by twirling three painted sticks.

  • Fire Dance

    fire dance

    The Jasnathis of Bikaner and Chum are renowned for their tantric powers and this dance is in keeping with their lifestyle. A large ground is prepared with live wood and charcoal where the Jasnathi men and boys jump on to the fire to the accompaniment of drum beats. The music gradually rises in tempo and reaches a crescendo, the dancers seem to be in a trance like state.

  • Gait Ghoomar

    gait dance

    This is one of the many dance-forms of the Bhil tribals. Performed during Holi festival, this is among a few performances where both men and women dance together.

  • Ghoomar Dance

    ghoomer dance

    This is basically a community dance for women and performed on auspicious occasions. Derived from the word ghoomna, piroutte, this is a very simple dance where the ladies move gently, gracefully in circles.

  • Kachhi Ghodi

    kachhi ghodi dance

    This is a dance performed on dummy horses. Men in elaborate costumes ride the equally well decorated dummy horses. Holding naked swords, these dancers move rhythmically to the beating of drums and fifes. A singer narrates the exploits of the Bavaria bandits of Shekhawati.

  • Kathputli

    kathputli dance

    Puppet plays based on popular legends are performed by skilled puppeteers. Displaying his skill in making the puppet's act and dance, the puppeteer is accompanied by a woman, usually his wife, who plays the dholak, or drum and sings the ballad.

  • Maand

    maand dance

    Rajasthan's most sophisticated style of folk music and has come a long way from the time it was only sung in royal courts, in praise of the Rajput rulers.

    Professional singers still sing the haunting ballads of MoomalMahendra, Dhola-Maru and other legendary lovers and heroes.

  • Pabuji Ki Phach

    Pabuji Ki Phach

    A 14th century folk hero, Pabuji is revered by the Bhopa community. The phad, or scroll, which is about 10 meters long, highlights the life and heroic deed of Pabuji. The Bhopas are invited by villagers to perform in their areas during times of sickness and misfortune. The ballad is sung by the Bhopa as he plays the Ravan-hattha and he is joined by his wife who holds a lamp and illuminates the relevant portions at appropriate points.

  • Raas

    Raas of Rajasthan

    It's not a traditional dance but full of spiritualism, in this dance style representation of Lord Krishna's beautiful and symbolic dance with Gopis is a delightful representation with deep philosophical meaning. This dance of Rajasthan depicts - 'Thus should man love God'.

  • Teerah Taali

    Teerah Taali

    The Kamad community of Pokhran and Deedwana perform this dance in honour of theft deity, Baba Ramdeo. Rather unusual performances where the men play a four-stringed instrument called a chau-tara and the women sit with dozens of manjeeras, or cymbals, tied on all over their bodies and strike them with the ones they hold in their hands. Sometimes, the women also hold a sword between their teeth or place pots with lighted lamps on their heads.

  • Tribal Music and Dance

    Tribal Music and Dance

    This is a different traditional dance pattern influenced by folk Music and dances of Rajasthan arouse the desert in all moods. This music and art is well known in tribal areas as way of dance and the spectacular beauty of the land of Rajasthan is elated with the Folk Music and dances performed by the native people of Rajasthan.

    List of singers and performers also includes the Mirasis and Jogis of Mewat, Manganiyars and Langas, Kanjars, Banjaras and Dholies. Performances like the KuchamaniKhayal, Maach, Tamasha, Rammat, Nautanki and Raasleela are no less popular. The musical instruments of Rajasthan are simple but quite unusual. Handcrafted by the musicians themselves they are rather unique and include instruments like the Morchang, Naad, Sarangi, Kamayacha, Rawanhattha, Algoza, Khartal, Poongi, Bankia and Da There are dozens of other instruments which are exclusive to Rajasthan only. It is a rather difficult task to list all the different types of music, dance and entertainment that can be found in Rajasthan. The range is mind boggling.

Rajasthan Fair & Festival

  • Rajasthan fair

    Rajasthan is a state known for its vibrant lifestyle and traditions. The customary Rajasthan fairs are held all through the year and cultural presentations take place in diverse areas of Rajasthan state. Numerous fairs are held in Rajasthan every year.

  • Abhaneri Festival

    Abhaneri festival

    Abhaneri is an ancient 9th century village basically famous for its post-Gupta and early medieval period monuments in Dausa district. This festival is considered as funfair of music and colorful performances. The festival is embellished through performances of Hela-khayal, Pad dangal, Kacchi ghodi the famous folk dance, and Baharupia cultural performance.

  • Baneshwar Festival

    Baneshwar festival

    Baneshwar situated in Dungarpur district is a spiritual place of lord Mahadev . The fair is organized at a small delta formed by the river Som and Mahi from magh shukla ekadeshi to Magh Shukla Poornimaa during Shivratri.

    The fair is resounds with the gaiety of songs, folk dances, magic shows, animal shows and acrobatic feasts followed by joy rides on merry-go-rounds and swings.

  • Bundi Utsav

    Bundi utsav

    This function is celebrated at Bundi district in the month of November. During this festival time the whole city comes alive to festivities with several cultural performances by well known artists. At this time, the whole city seems as like as miniature painting.

  • Bikaner Camel Festival

    Bikaner camel festival

    Every Bikaneri celebrates a colorful event with desert ships the camels.

    The joy is enhanced by breed competition, tug-of-war contest, camel dance, acrobatics etc.

    The festival consists a traditional rendezvous of renowned artists of Rajasthan and the local folk performances followed by skirt swirling dancers, the awe-inspiring fire dance and the dazzling fireworks light-up the fortified desert city of Bikaner.

  • Chandrabhaga Fair

    Chandrabhaga fair

    This fair takes place at Jhalarapatan in the month of Kartik. The festival begins by taking a dip in holy river Chandrabhaga on the full moon night of Kartik Poornima by the pilgrims. A cattle fair is also organized as part of the festivity.

  • Desert Festival

    Desert festival

    Thar Desert in Jaisalmer is well known for its vast and great sand dunes across the world and is a witness of the lively desert festival. The event gets alive through vibrant colors of dance and music .

  • Dhulandi Festival

    Dhulandi festival

    Dhulandi is the festival of colors, joy, sweets all across in India. This festival is mark of harmony where every community forgets the differences and celebrate colors as a mark of joy. People enjoy by singing songs in groups and throwing colors on each other.

  • Dusshera

    Dusshera

    Dusshera is celebrated all over the country in different ways. It celebrates the victory of good over evil. The tale of Rama and Sita and the battle fought between Lord Rama and Ravana are enacted on stage and it is called Ramlila. On the tenth day of the festival, huge effigies of the ten-headed Ravana and his brother Kumbakaran, stuffed with thousands of fire crackers, are set afire to the people's rejoice.

  • Gangaur Festival

    Gangaur festival

    The festival of Gangaur is celebrated by women and unmarried girls specially for getting blessings of "Gan" and "Gauri" synonyms of lord "Shiva"and Goddess "Parvati" respectively. On this holy occasion females worships clay idols of "Gangaur" followed by unmarried girls who seek the blessings of Gan and Gauri for a good husband, while the married women pray for the good health and the good life of their husband.

    On the festive eve women decorates their palms and fingers with heena (Mehandi) after that idols are immersed in pond or nearby lake. In Jaipur a traditional procession of Gangaur commences from the Zanani –deodhi of City Palace passing through main market and finally converges near the Talkatora. Procession is headed by an old palanquins, chariots, bullock carts and performances of folk artists.

  • Gogaji Fair

    Gogaji Fair

    The fair is held at Gogamedi in Ganganagar district in August in memory of a popular hero of the area known as Goga among the Hindus and Jahar Peer among the Muslims. The Kayam Khani Muslims claim to be descendants of his. Gogaji is popular as a snake god and almost every village in Rajasthan has a sacred place dedicated to him. Staunch followers of Gogaji believe that by invoking his name, a snake bite and other diseases can be cured. It is said that Gogaji went into Samadhi at GogaMedi and thousands of devotees gather there to pay homage at his memorial every day during the Fair which lasts three days. The Samadhi is a marble structure with two minarets fortified by a boundary wall. The idol of Gogaji is seated on a blue horse with a snake coiled around the neck.

  • Kaila Devi Fair

    Kaila Devi Fair

    The fair is held in March or April in Kaila village in Karauli district and it holds an important place among the celebrated fairs of the state. The fortnight-long fair is held on the banks of the river Kalisil in the hills of Trikut about 2 kilometers from Kaila village. It houses the images of Mahalakshmi and Chamunda. Kaila Devi has been regarded as the guardian deity throughout the ages by the Khinchis, the Yadavas and the princes of Karauli. A small temple dedicated to Bhairon is situated in the courtyard and facing the shrine of the Devi is the temple of Hanuman. Throughout the year, there is a steady flow of devotees.

  • Kumbhalgarh Festival

    Kumbhalgarh festival

    A musical Kumbhalgarh festival has richness of music. The day performances include folk performances by the folk artists of Rajasthan and also various attractive competitions for the tourists.

  • Kite Festival

    Kite festival

    14th January a day specially in the state capital (Jaipur) is celebrated as Makar-Sankranti heralding the transition of the sun into northern hemisphere. Kite makers flaunt kites sized as big as 1.5 meter of various shapes and designs. Kite flying is followed by variety of food and sweets.

  • Kolayat Fair

    Kolayat Fair

    This fair is organized at Bikaner where Kapil Muni is supposed to have meditated. The place has a lake with 52 ghats shaded by banyan trees. Devotees take a dip in the lake and pray in the temples. Aarti is performed twice a day and bhog is offered. People float lighted lamps in the sacred lake as part of the rituals. A cattle fair is also held.

  • Nagaur Fair

    Nagaur Fair

    The fair is held every year in January-February in Nagaur. This is a trading fair for cattle and camels and gives one an opportunity to catch up with rural life as owners from all over the state camp on the outskirts of the town while they buy and sell animals. The hides of the animals, cut into wonderful patterns, are particularly attractive.

  • Mahavir Ji Fair

    Mahavir Ji Fair

    This fair is held at Mahavir Ji between March and April to commemorate Shri Mahavir Swami, the 24th tirthankara (saint) of the Jains. The temple is located in an enclosure known as 'katala' where devotees come to pay homage

  • Mewar Festival

    Mewar Festival

    This 18-day festival is celebrated to welcome the advent of spring and coincides with the festival of Gangaur in Udaipur. It is significant for the women of the state as it is time for them to dress in their best. The women gather to dress the images of Issar and Gangaur and then carry them in a ceremonial procession through different parts of the city. The procession ends up at Pichhola Lake where the images are transferred to special boats amidst singing and festivity. Cultural events are held at the end of the festivities and they include songs, dances and a display of fireworks.

  • Pushkar Fair

    Pushkar Fair

    Easily the most identifiable of all the fairs of the state, the Pushkar fair is held in November in Pushkar in Ajmer, where an eighth century temple of Brahma, draws the faithful devotees. The place has about 400 shrines and temples around the lake. Lord Brahma in search of a place to hold his yagna (religious ritual), dropped the lotus from his hand and the three spots touched by the flower were turned into lakes. These are Jyeshtha Pushkar, Madhyam Pushkar and Kanishtha Pushkar. Pilgrims bathe at the ghats and pray at the temple. Traders strike deals at the world's largest camel fair, although horses are also sold. People gather together to camp in the desert and entertain each other with songs and dances and cook meals over camp fires. The camel, horse and donkey races are also popular and draw huge attendance. Rajasthan Tourism puts up a tourist village.

  • Ramdevra Fair

    Ramdevra Fair

    The Ramdevra Fair is held in Ramdevra village in Jaisalmer in August or September .The village has got its name after Baba Ramdev, a Tanwar Rajput, who took Samadhi in 1458. The Hindus regard him as an incarnation of Lord Krishna. A large fair is is attended by lakhs of devotees who come in large groups from various places.

  • Summer Festival

    Summer festival

    Month of May in Mount Abu is celebrates the warmth and cheerfulness of the people on hill station who welcome the tourists from the depth of their hearts. On this great occasion dazzling fireworks takes place on all three days. Other major events skating race, Skater's show, CRPF band show, Boat race, Horse race, Tug of war, Panihari matka race and Deepdan.