The people of Rajasthan have thrived in its harsh environment and have developed fascinating and varied societies and cultures. Their appeal lies in their simplicity, progressive mindset and a great affection for their roots. Despite differences in their castes, creed and religion, the inhabitants of this state live in peace and harmony, a fact which has given the state a multi-hued culture.

According to the 2001 census, Rajasthan had a population of 56.5 million, which increased to 68 million in 2011. The population density of the state is less 200 people per sq kilometre. Hindus account for 88.8 % of the population.  The Muslims make up 8.5 percent, Sikhs 1.4 percent and Jains 1.2 percent of the population. Sindhis, a clan that migrated from the Sindh province (now in Pakistan) during the India-Pakistan separation in 1947.  Shaivism and Vaishism is followed by the majority of people in Rajasthan, however a lot of people worship Shakti and her avatars. Jats are mostly Hindus and Sikhs. The Meenas of Rajasthan are known for their adherence to the Vedic culture which predominantly includes the worship of Shiva as Bhairon, Krishna and Durga. Historically, the Gujars worshipped the Sun God. Rajasthani Muslims are predominantly Sunnis. The population also comprises of Meo, Mirasi, Qaimkhani, Manganiar, Muslim Ranghar and Pathans.

The population growth rate of Rajasthan is 21%, which is higher than the national average. The state has a literacy rate of 67 per cent, which is steadily increasing as people continue to realize the importance of education.

Following are some of the largest cities of the state along with the population (2011 census)

  •  Jaipur- 3,073,349
  •  Jodhpur- 1,033,918
  •   Udaipur- 451,735
  •   Kota- 1,001,365
  •   Bikaner- 647,804
  •   Ajmer- 542,580
  •   Sriganganagar-370,768
  •   Bhilwara- 360,009
  •   Alwar- 315,310
  •   Bharatpur - 252,109