The state is the second largest producer of
oilseeds (17.71 percent), and spices like coriander, cumin and fenugreek
(10.89%). It is also the largest producer of rapeseed and mustard and accounts
for 44.61 percent of the total national produce.
It accounts for close to 70% of the
country’s production of guar. About 9.18 percent of country’s soyabean is
produced by Rajasthan, which makes it the third largest producer of the crop.
The state tops in the production of bajra (31.28%). It is also a major producer
of food grains, gram, groundnut and pulses.
With the arrival of high-input extensive
agriculture, people have been able to make considerable profits by turning to
the production of cash crops such as sugar cane and cotton. As a result, this sector has boosted the
economy of Rajasthan to a great extent. Wheat, corn and millets are the three
most important crops of the region, along with pulses. The water from Indira
Gandhi canal has proved to be a boon for the semi-arid regions, which are now
being used to cultivate citrus fruits, including tangerines, oranges and
Though there are vast tracts of the desert
in western Rajasthan, the ecological environment is semi-arid; in eastern
Rajasthan, where rivers and a lush green cover are present, there is more rain,
and the seasonal crops, fruits and vegetables are plentiful. The farms are
mainly irrigated with the help of tanks and wells.
of technology and prosperity
Rajasthan’s minimal vegetation has been
skilfully exploited to sustain large herds of sheep, goats and camels. In
addition, the people of Rajasthan have evolved varieties of cattle, amongst the
best in the country, well-adapted to these conditions. The farmers are taking
full advantage of the new methods-irrigation, improved seeds, agro-machinery
and credit to enhance their crop production and subsequently, lifestyles. The
new methods have also led to an increase in the dairy produce, which was
previously only consumed locally. Today, a large quantity of milk is collected
by the public-sector dairies for pasteurisation and consumption all over India.